In the diverse land of India, where customs and religions intertwine, the demand for equal treatment under the law echoes through the hearts of its citizens. Article 44 of the Indian Constitution, advocating for a uniform civil code, has ignited fierce debates and sparked controversy. While civil and criminal laws strive for uniformity, personal laws concerning marriage, divorce, adoption, and inheritance remain distinct for each religious community.
Sadly, misguided perceptions and baseless fears have clouded the understanding of many Muslims, falsely believing that the 1937 Personal Law Act is synonymous with unchangeable Sharia. However, both Muslim-majority democracies and Islamic states have undertaken reformations to adapt to the evolving world.
The pursuit of reshaping Islamic law poses an arduous and contentious challenge, even within Islamic countries. Balancing the scales between Sharia, the religious law of Islam, the modern legal system, and the sanctity of human rights is a daunting task. Sharia, drawing primarily from the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad’s teachings, and the interpretation of Muslim scholars, encompasses not only legal guidelines but also moral and spiritual principles that guide Muslims’ lives. Many assume that Sharia is inflexible and divine, unyielding to change. However, in reality, it is a living tradition, shaped by geographical and social conditions throughout history.
For a detailed story, visit: Awaz the voice